Meet “waterman” of Bundelkhand ; Sanjay Singh
In a region where even the cops dared to venture, he
traversed on his bicycle meeting people, especially women labourers, trying to
make them aware of their rights, so that they could demand their rightful wages
from the farm and brick kiln owners.
Forty-year-old Sanjay Singh, who holds a doctorate degree in
sociology, knows the dreaded Chambal region, which was once infested with the
dacoit gangs, immortalised by many a Bollywood films, like the back of his hand.
Singh has been active in the region for nearly 20 years
during which he has taken up a number issues that were closely associated with
the living conditions of the people in this arid, remote and backward area.
Better known as the “waterman” of Bundelkhand, Singh has seen
the plight of the people of the region comprising Jalaun, Jhansi, Mahoba, Banda
and even a few districts in the neighbouring Madhya Pradesh.
In an area, where rains are scanty and with a few rivers,
water was a precious resource and Singh fully realised it. Keeping that in mind,
Singh has formed “Jal Saheli” (water friends), which are women’s groups, in the
villages in the Bundelkhand region in UP. “The members of the group take steps
to conserve water resources in their respective villages,” he said.
“At present Jal Saheli groups are working in 93 villages. The
members have been successful in preserving ponds and other natural sources of
water,” Singh told Deccan Herald.
Singh, who is from Mirzapur district in Jalaun district in
UP, said that the “water conservation campaign” aims at involving citizen action
groups for ensuring water and sanitation for all. “Working in this region where
there is very little infrastructure, literacy and health facilities is not an
easy task. It is fraught with dangers and risks. There are people with vested
interests, who will go to any extent to have their way,” he says.
“Kidnapping used to be a cottage industry in the region. The
dacoit gangs used to run a parallel government. The government authority was
barely visible,” he remarked.
And Singh’s journey in the past 20 years was a testimony to
the same. “My father, Lalla Singh, was killed by the people, who did not want me
to work among women labourers, who were exploited by the employers,” he said.
“I was scared initially. They threatened to kill me as well,”
he said. Singh, however, refused to be cowed down by threats and continued his
work of creating awareness among the people. “I had a bicycle initially and I
started with five villages. We would hold meetings with the residents and
discuss their problems and then try to find the solutions,” he said.
“Such was the degree of fear among the people that it took me
three years to persuade people to attend the meetings. But once they agreed, the
meetings became a big hit,” he added.
“Our main objectives included making people aware of their
rights, government rules and regulations, exposing corruption at local levels,
implementation of government schemes and social audit,” Singh said.
The efforts made by Singh yielded positive results in his
home district of Jalaun and the poor people in the villages started seeking work
under the MNREGS from the local authorities. “Earlier, the labourers, especially
women, working under the MNREGS, were exploited. They were paid less wages and
were not given work also,” he pointed out.
Singh has also formed a voluntary organisation “Parmarth”,
which is currently active in 600 villages in Jalaun, Hamirpur, Jhansi, Lalitpur
districts in UP and Teekamgarh and Chatarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh.
Parmarth has helped in the formation of “Mahila Mandals” (womens’
groups), “Gram Chetna Samitis” (village awareness committees), which focus on
issues concerning their respective villages.
“The organisation works for promotion of local resource-based
livelihood opportunities for poor people and collaborates and liaise with
government and activation of the local governance,” he said. “We stress on
involvement of small and marginal farmers for ensuring inter and intra
households food security and experiment to make the small and marginalised
farming as viable and sustainable livelihood option and give recognition to
women as farmers and advocating for its replication with the support of
administrative forces,” Singh said.
Singh and his team also try to address the issues concerning
gender disparities and adverse sex ratio, besides violence against the women.
While the people may not have any complaints against Singh, his wife does. “My
wife often complained that I did not take care of the family like other husbands
do. But then she also knew the importance of my work,” he said.
Courtesy: Deccan Hearld