Study on Bundelkhand of Planning Commission: Demographic - Characteristics

Study on Bundelkhand of Planning Commission: Demography - Characteristics


Demographic - Characteristics.

Madhya Pradesh, the largest state of India in terms of its area, is the sixth largest in terms of population. Out of the total population of state, women contribute 48.22% as per census of 1991 resulting in the sex ratio of 931 females per 1000 males which has considerably decreased from 941 in 1981. But it is still better than the national average of 927 for 1000 males. The population growth rate of MP is little higher than the national growth rate. In fact mortality rate in MP is much higher than that of the corresponding figure of the country. For the year 1991, infant mortality rate was 104 per 1000 birth in MP which is higher than the national average of 79 in India.

The total fertility rate (TFR) of 4.6 children is also much higher than the national average of 3.6 children per women. The couple protection rate (CPR), as estimated by Department of Public Health and Family Welfare, Govt of MP in 1996 is 53.45 while it was 38.8 in 1991 for MP as compared to 43.5 for India in 1991.

Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CDR), both were higher than the national average. While CBR (1992, provisional) for MP was 34.4 per 1000 population, it was considerably higher than the figure of 29.0 for India. Similarly CDR (1992, provisional) for MP was 12.7 per 1000 population, while it was 10.0 for India. It is worth noting that total fertility rate has shown downward trend over a period of 21 years.

Though, infant mortality rate (IMR)in MP has declined considerably but its trend from 1971 to 1991 has not shown uniform decline. In 1981, it had gone up to 142 as compared to 135 in 1971.

Life expectancy for MP (1986-91) has shown the gap between the male and female.While for male it was 56.2 yrs as compared to 58.1 for India, for female it was 54.7 only as compared to national figure of 59.1 yrs.

Couple Protection Rate(CPR) is increasing rapidly as per the recent survey done by the Govt of MP while the figure for 1991 is only 38.8,though it has gone up in 1996.


<< Go Back To Main Page