Study on Bundelkhand of Planning Commission: Demography -
Demographic - Characteristics.
Madhya Pradesh, the largest state of India in terms of its
area, is the sixth largest in terms of population. Out of the total population
of state, women contribute 48.22% as per census of 1991 resulting in the sex
ratio of 931 females per 1000 males which has considerably decreased from 941 in
1981. But it is still better than the national average of 927 for 1000 males.
The population growth rate of MP is little higher than the national growth rate.
In fact mortality rate in MP is much higher than that of the corresponding
figure of the country. For the year 1991, infant mortality rate was 104 per 1000
birth in MP which is higher than the national average of 79 in India.
The total fertility rate (TFR) of 4.6 children is also much
higher than the national average of 3.6 children per women. The couple
protection rate (CPR), as estimated by Department of Public Health and Family
Welfare, Govt of MP in 1996 is 53.45 while it was 38.8 in 1991 for MP as
compared to 43.5 for India in 1991.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CDR), both were
higher than the national average. While CBR (1992, provisional) for MP was 34.4
per 1000 population, it was considerably higher than the figure of 29.0 for
India. Similarly CDR (1992, provisional) for MP was 12.7 per 1000 population,
while it was 10.0 for India. It is worth noting that total fertility rate has
shown downward trend over a period of 21 years.
Though, infant mortality rate (IMR)in MP has declined
considerably but its trend from 1971 to 1991 has not shown uniform decline. In
1981, it had gone up to 142 as compared to 135 in 1971.
Life expectancy for MP (1986-91) has shown the gap between
the male and female.While for male it was 56.2 yrs as compared to 58.1 for
India, for female it was 54.7 only as compared to national figure of 59.1 yrs.
Couple Protection Rate(CPR) is increasing rapidly as per the
recent survey done by the Govt of MP while the figure for 1991 is only
38.8,though it has gone up in 1996.