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Study on Bundelkhand of Planning Commission: Introductio -
Origin of the State
Origin of the state
Madhya Pradesh is the heartland of the country. It came into
existence on November 1, 1956, during the reorganisation of states in India on
the linguistic basis. It is made up of five regions namely, Madhya Bharat,
Vindhya Pradesh, Bhopal, Sironj sub division of Vidisha district and Mahakoshal.
Before independence, Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal were separate
states while Sironj sub division of Vidisha district was the part of former
Rajasthan. Mahakoshal consisted of 17 districts of pre-1956 MP.
The merger of the Vindhya Pradesh (VP) into Madhya Pradesh (MP)is
noteworthy. VP consisted of the principalities and districts forming the present
day districts of Datia, Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh, Panna, Satna, Damoh and Rewa.
Formed as a category “C” state, it commercially faced problems of food scarcity
and lack of resources even to run the state administration. Thus, it was finally
merged into MP. The fate of VP was a compelling force behind the merger of the
principalities of Surguja (Surguja, Korea and Chhang Bhakor) and Raigarh (Raigarh,
Sakti, Jashpur and Udaipur), which also contained relatively more prosperous
Chhatisgarh region, into the state of M.P.